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Horticulture
19 June
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Fertilizer Management: Papaya

It is essential to use fertilizers and manure in order to obtain a higher yield of fruits from papaya plants. Papaya cultivation is carried out as a perennial crop. Therefore, the use of fertilizers and manure should be done according to the plant's age. To achieve high-quality fruits, use cow dung manure, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, along with micronutrients. Here, we will go through the fertilizers to use in papaya cultivation and the quantity required for the successful cultivation of papaya.

Consequences in Papaya Plants Due to Lack of Fertilizers

  • Nutrient Deficiency: The lack of fertilizers can lead to nutrient deficiencies in papaya plants, which can affect their growth.
  • Decrease in Yield: A shortage of fertilizers can significantly reduce the yield of papaya plants, as they require a balanced supply of nutrients for healthy growth and high yield.
  • Reduction in Fruit Quality: Without fertilizers, the quality of papaya fruits starts to decline. The size, color, and taste of the fruits may deteriorate.
  • Decrease in Organic Matter: Manure is a source of organic matter that helps improve soil structure and fertility. Without manure, there can be a decrease in organic matter in the soil, leading to poorer soil health and reduced plant growth.
  • Reduced Water-Holding Capacity of Soil: A lack of fertilizers can decrease the soil's water-holding capacity, which can cause water stress in papaya plants.

Appropriate Quantity of Manure & Fertilizers For Papaya Plants

  • Apply 10 kg of well-decomposed cow dung manure, 1 kg of bone meal, and 1 kg of neem cake per plant annually.
  • Use 4 kg of 'DeHaat Starter' per acre of field.
  • One month after transplanting the plants apply 100 kg of DAP, 77 kg of urea, and 150 kg of muriate of potash per acre.
  • Three months after transplanting the plants apply 100 kg of DAP, 77 kg of urea, and 150 kg of muriate of potash per acre. Additionally, use 10 kg of micronutrient mixture per acre.
  • Apply 5 kg of zinc sulfate (Nutri One Zinc Sulfate Monohydrate ZnSO4) per acre.
  • Apply 10 kg of ferrous sulfate (Nutri One Ferrous Sulfate FeSO4) per acre.
  • Use 1-2 kg of boron 14.5% (Nutri One DTB) per acre. Apply it in the third, fifth, and seventh months after transplanting.
  • To achieve higher yields, during the flowering and fruiting stage, use 12.5 gm of gibberellic acid 40% WSG (Nutri One Akillis GA) in 200 liters of water per acre.

Factors to Consider While Using Fertilizers for Crops

  • Soil Testing: Before using any manure or fertilizers on papaya plants, it is important to conduct a soil test to determine the nutrient content and pH level of the soil. This helps in determining the appropriate type and quantity of manure and fertilizers to be used.
  • Timing of Application: Fertilizers should be applied at the right time based on the crop and its growth stage. Using fertilizers too early or too late can reduce their effectiveness.
  • Quantity of Use: Fertilizers should be mixed evenly and at the right depth to ensure they reach the roots of the plants. Paying attention to the quantity used is crucial; using too little or too much fertilizer can negatively impact crop yield.
  • Environmental Factors: Environmental factors such as rainfall, temperature, and soil moisture can affect the effectiveness of fertilizers. It is important to consider these factors when applying fertilizers.

What fertilizers do you use for papaya plants? Share your answers and experiences with us in the comments. For more information like this, follow the 'Horticulture' channel now. Also, don't forget to like and share this post to reach more farmers.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What fertilizer should be used for papaya?

A: Farmers cultivating papaya in India are advised to use cow dung manure along with a balanced amount of NPK fertilizer. Additionally, micro-nutrients like zinc and sulfur can also be used for papaya plants.

Q: How long does it take for papaya to bear fruit?

A: Papaya plants typically start bearing fruit within 6-8 months after planting. However, the time to fruiting can vary based on factors such as the variety of papaya, growing conditions, and management practices. In some cases, it may take up to a year for the first fruit to appear.

Q: How often should papaya trees be fertilized?

A: Papaya plants should be fertilized 2 to 3 times a year during their growth stages. This ensures proper development and prevents nutrient deficiencies in the plants.

Q: What is the best organic fertilizer for papaya trees?

A: The best organic fertilizer for papaya trees is well-decomposed cow manure or compost. These fertilizers provide a balanced mix of nutrients and improve soil structure, which is essential for the healthy growth of papaya trees.

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