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Desi Jugaad
25 Apr

Preparing Insecticides/Pesticides at Home

The prolonged and continuous use of chemical pesticides has several adverse effects. Not only is it reducing the fertility of the soil, but it's also posing harmful impacts on our health. Considering the situation, farmers are increasingly turning towards organic pesticides. Organic pesticides not only control pests without any adverse effects on soil, crops, and human health but also can be easily prepared at home using the available ingredients, and at minimal cost. If you're interested in making pesticides at home using readily available ingredients, read this post carefully for detailed information.

Preparation Process of Insecticides/Pesticides at Home

Ingredients Required to Prepare Insecticide/Pesticide at Home

  • Materials required for making organic insecticide/pesticide 'Neemastra'
  • Neem leaves or dried fruits: 5 kg
  • Cow urine: 5 L
  • Cow dung: 1 kg
  • Water
  • Wood stick (for stirring the mixture)
  • Cloth (for straining)

Preparation Process of Organic Insecticide/Pesticide 'Neemastra'

  • To make 'Neemastra', crush neem leaves and dried fruits and mix them in water.
  • Then, add cow urine and cow dung to it, cover it with a lid, and keep it in a shaded place.
  • Every morning and evening, stir this mixture with a wooden stick.
  • After 48 hours, strain this mixture well through a cloth.
  • This way, 'Neemastra' will be ready and you can use it on crops.

Ingredients Required to Prepare the Bio-pesticide 'Brahmastra'

  • Cow urine: 10 L
  • Neem leaves (crushed): 5 kg
  • White datura leaves (crushed): 2 kg
  • Custard apple leaves (crushed): 2 kg
  • Karanja leaves: 2 kg
  • Guava leaves: 2 kg
  • Castor leaves: 2 kg
  • Papaya leaves: 2 kg
  • Clean cloth (for straining the prepared mixture)
  • A large container for boiling cow urine and leaves.

Preparation Process of Bio-pesticide 'Brahmastra'

  • Choose leaves from any 5 plants among neem, white datura, custard apple, karanja, guava, castor, and papaya, as per the specified quantity.
  • Boil these leaves in cow urine until approximately 4 boils are achieved.
  • Let the mixture cool down after about 4 boils.
  • After 48 hours, strain the cooled mixture using a clean cloth. The bio-pesticide 'Brahmastra' is now ready for use.
  • For pest control, mix 2-3 liters of 'Brahmastra' in 100 liters of water and spray it on crops.
  • This mixture can be stored for up to 6 months.

Ingredients Required to Prepare Organic Pesticide 'Agni Astra'

  • Cow urine: 20  L
  • Neem leaves: 5 kg
  • Garlic (crushed): 500 g
  • Green chili (crushed): 500 g
  • Tobacco powder: 500 g
  • Clean cloth (for straining the prepared mixture)

Preparation Process of Organic Pesticide 'Agni Astra'

  • First, grind neem leaves and mix them with cow urine.
  • Then, boil all other ingredients together on low heat.
  • After boiling, remove it from heat and keep it covered in a shaded place for 48 hours.
  • Every morning and evening, stir this mixture well for 5-10 minutes.
  • After 48 hours, strain this mixture through a cloth and spray it on crops.

Ingredients Required to Prepare Organic Pesticide 'Dashparni Ark'

  • Water: 200 L
  • Cow dung: 2 kg
  • Leaves of 10 plants (choose any 10 plants from Aak, Datura, Kaner, Hibiscus, Bitter Gourd, Basil, Castor, Karanj, Neem, Mango, Guava, Papaya, Pomegranate, Custard Apple, Ginger, Marigold): 2 kg of each
  • Turmeric powder: 500 g
  • Asafoetida powder: 10 g
  • Ginger (crushed): 500 g
  • Green chili (crushed): 1 kg
  • Garlic (crushed): 1 kg
  • Tobacco powder: 1 kg

Preparation Process of Organic Pesticide 'Dashparni Ark'

  • Pour 200 L of water into a tank and then add 2 kg of leaves of ten types of plants in equal quantities. Then add 5 L of cow urine and 5 kg of cow dung to the mixture and mix well.
  • Leave the prepared mixture for 5 days. The next day, add 5-7 liters of water to the mixture and mix all the ingredients well.
  • Now leave this mixture for 1 month and then strain and use it.
  • Once prepared, you can use the Dashparni Ark made for the next 4 months.

Have you ever prepared organic pesticide/insecticide at home? Share your answer and experience with us in the comments. For more such information, follow the 'Desi Jugaad' channel now. If you find this information valuable, don't forget to like and share this post.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What are bio-pesticides?

A: Bio-pesticides are substances prepared from natural materials such as animals, plants, bacteria, and some minerals, used in agriculture to control pests and diseases. They are considered a safe and environmentally friendly alternative compared to chemical pesticides.

Q: What is the difference between bio-pesticides and synthetic pesticides?

A: Bio-pesticides are derived from natural sources such as plants, bacteria, and fungi, and used in agriculture to control pests. They target specific pests, destroying or repelling them. Conversely, synthetic pesticides are chemically synthesized and are used to kill or control pests. Synthetic pesticides can also harm beneficial insects, pollinators, birds, and animals. On the other hand, bio-pesticides are considered less harmful to the environment and beneficial insects, pollinators, birds, etc., compared to synthetic pesticides.

Q: How to prepare organic pesticides at home?

A: At home, you can prepare organic pesticides using natural materials such as cow dung, cow urine, neem, karanja, garlic, chili, asafoetida, marigold, datura, etc.

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