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Krishi Tech
5 Apr

Smart Greenhouse: A Boon for Agriculture

A fruitful harvest depends on various important factors. The farmers have to relentlessly speculate and look after each factor in order to reduce crop losses and increase crop yields. Climatic changes and global warming effects are quite unpredictable and crucial hurdles in agriculture. Suitable climatic conditions are very much requisite for different crops to grow and harvest healthily. Smart greenhouses are one of the technological solutions that can help in providing regulated temperatures for different crops irrespective of the demography. This article reflects different aspects of greenhouses that facilitate successful yield produce.

What is a Smart Greenhouse?

A smart greenhouse is an artificial set-up where the crops are provided with suitable climatic conditions for their proper development and production irrespective of region and seasons. The climatic conditions can be regulated according to the requirements of different crops. Hence, a smart greenhouse can enable you to cultivate and harvest crops and fruits of superior quality and higher quantity in a hot and humid climate.

Smart greenhouses have modern sensors and smart communication technologies that aid in monitoring crops 24*7. These insights help in optimizing inputs and thus, increasing efficiency.

Components of Smart Greenhouse

A smart greenhouse consists of HVAC, LED grow lights, communications technology, irrigation systems, materials handling, valves and pumps, and control systems. While implementing a smart greenhouse, some of the important components need to be taken into consideration as they can save a lot of costs and increase the efficiency of cultivation.

  • Use sensors that work on low energy or batteries. This will reduce the cost of installing a smart greenhouse.
  • Establishing wireless connectivity that is cost-effective and trustworthy to transmit data from sensors to the gateway
  • An effective machine learning platform is required that can derive data from sensors and visualize the relevant information on UIs. The farmers can gather information from the UIs to improve the efficiency of the cultivation process in the smart greenhouse. A machine-learning platform is also used for triggering automatic functions like spraying, lighting, etc.

Benefits of Smart Greenhouses

  • Suitable Climatic Conditions: Smart greenhouses provide real-time information across the set-up so that one can monitor the climatic conditions. Moreover, this real-time information is used to make relevant decisions to maintain the best suitable conditions. Motion sensors are used within the greenhouse set-up that help detect if any doors or other openings remain open.
  • Irrigation and Fertilization: Besides monitoring the climatic conditions, a smart greenhouse also monitors the moisture content and salinity in the soil to stay on top of crop conditions. Moisture content in soil detects if the crops require more or less water, and salinity determines the requirements of fertilization. This helps the farmers to monitor crop health in order to have a healthy harvest.
  • Pest and Disease Control: The usage of agricultural chemicals to prevent pest infestation and diseases is quite vital. Smart greenhouses generate data based on machine learning that can aid the farmers to decide the chemicals that need to be used, in the right amount and time. This prevents the excessive use of chemicals making the agri-commodities produced safer and healthier.
  • Security: Smart greenhouses are under surveillance 24*7 as they are equipped with CCTVs, smart door locks, and other sensors. This is helpful for farmers who are involved in producing high-value crops. These security devices are connected to alarms that get activated to detect suspicious activity within the smart greenhouse.

Challenges of Smart Greenhouse

  • Costly: Setting up smart greenhouses can be a costly affair. It uses several types of smart devices and technologies that have a high market price.
  • Operational Precautions: While cultivating in smart greenhouses, the farmers need to be quite alert and careful in performing every operation. A single loophole can impact the cultivation adversely.
  • Pollination: Pollination in smart greenhouses happens poorly as the natural carriers of pollen grains are absent in a smart greenhouse.
  • Training and Skill Development: Farmers need proper training and knowledge about smart greenhouses in order to execute the cultivation properly.

Are you interested in farming with smart greenhouse technology? Let us know your answer in the comments. For more information on modern agricultural technologies, follow the 'Krishi Tech' channel now. Don't forget to like and share this post.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What is a smart greenhouse?

A: A smart greenhouse is a modern agricultural technology that uses advanced sensors to control various factors such as temperature, humidity, and lighting. This allows farmers to create an optimal environment for their crops, resulting in higher yields and better-quality produce.

Q: How does a smart greenhouse work?

A: A smart greenhouse uses a network of wireless sensors to collect data on various environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, light intensity, and carbon dioxide levels. This data is then transmitted to a central computer system, which analyzes it and provides real-time insights to the farmer. The farmer can then use this information to make informed decisions about how to manage their crops, such as when to irrigate, fertilize, or adjust the temperature.

Q: What crops can be grown in a smart greenhouse?

A: A wide variety of crops can be grown in a smart greenhouse, including tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, strawberries, herbs, leafy greens, and flowers. The specific crops that are best suited for a smart greenhouse will depend on the climate, the farmer's experience, and the market demand.

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